1.1 Physical Quantities and SI Units

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• show understanding that all physical quantities consist of a numerical magnitude and a unit
• recall the following base quantities and their units: mass (kg), length (m), time (s), current (A), temperature (K), amount of substance (mol)
• use the following prefixes and their symbols to indicate decimal sub-multiples and multiples of the SI units: nano (n), micro (μ), milli (m), centi (c), deci (d), kilo (k), mega (M), giga (G)
• show an understanding of the orders of magnitude of the sizes of common objects ranging from a typical atom to the Earth
• state what is meant by scalar and vector quantities and give common examples of each

1.2 Measurement of Length

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe how to measure a variety of lengths with appropriate accuracy by means of tapes, rules, micrometers and calipers, using a vernier scale as necessary

1.3 Measurement of Time

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe how to measure a short interval of time including the period of a simple pendulum with appropriate accuracy using stopwatches or appropriate instruments

2.1 Basic Kinematics Quantities

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• state what is meant by speed and velocity
• calculate average speed using distance travelled / time taken
•  state what is meant by uniform acceleration and calculate the value of an acceleration using change in velocity / time taken
•  interpret given examples of non-uniform acceleration

2.2 Basic Kinematics Graphs

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•   plot and interpret a displacement-time graph and a velocity-time graph
• deduce from the shape of a displacement-time graph when a body is:

(i)        at rest

(ii)        moving with uniform velocity

(iii)        moving with non-uniform velocity

•  deduce from the shape of a velocity-time graph when a body is:

(i)        at rest

(ii)        moving with uniform velocity

(iii)        moving with uniform acceleration

(iv)        moving with non-uniform acceleration

• calculate the area under a velocity-time graph to determine the displacement travelled for motion with uniform velocity or uniform acceleration

2.3 Acceleration due to Gravity

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  state that the acceleration of free fall for a body near to the Earth is constant and is approximately10 m / s2
• describe the motion of bodies with constant weight falling with or without air resistance, including reference to terminal velocity

3.1 Force and its Effects

• Introduction

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  add two vectors to determine a resultant by a graphical method
•  solve problems for a static point mass under the action of 3 forces for 2-dimensional cases (a graphical method would suffice)

3.3 Newton’s Laws of Motion

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•   apply Newton's Laws to:

(i) describe the effect of balanced and unbalanced forces on a body

(ii) describe the ways in which a force may change the motion of a body

(iii) identify action-reaction pairs acting on two interacting bodies

(stating of Newton's Laws is not required)

•  recall and apply the relationship resultant force = mass × acceleration to new situations or to solve related problems

3.4 Types of Forces and Free-body Diagrams

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  explain the effects of friction on the motion of a body
•  identify forces acting on an object and draw free body diagram(s) representing the forces acting on the object (for cases involving forces acting in at most 2 dimensions)

4.1 Mass and Weight

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  state that mass is a measure of the amount of substance in a body
• state that mass of a body resists a change in the state of rest or motion of the body (inertia)
• state that a gravitational field is a region in which a mass experiences a force due to gravitational attraction
• define gravitational field strength, g, as gravitational force per unit mass

4.2 Relationship between Mass and Weight

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• recall and apply the relationship weight = mass × gravitational field strength to new situations or to solve related problems
• distinguish between mass and weight

4.3 Density

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• recall and apply the relationship density = mass / volume to new situations or to solve related problems

5.1 Moment of a Force

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe the moment of a force in terms of its turning effect and relate this to everyday examples
• recall and apply the relationship moment of a force (or torque) = force × perpendicular distance from the pivot to new situations or to solve related problems

5.2 State of Equilibrium

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• state the principle of moments for a body in equilibrium
• apply the principle of moments to new situations or to solve related problems

5.3 Centre of Gravity (CG)

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• show understanding that the weight of a body may be taken as acting at a single point known as its centre of gravity

5.4 Stability and Equilibrium

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe qualitatively the effect of the position of the centre of gravity on the stability of objects

6.1 Energy and its Different Forms

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• show understanding that kinetic energy, potential energy (chemical, gravitational, elastic), light energy, thermal energy, electrical energy and nuclear energy are examples of different forms of energy
• state that kinetic energy Ek = ½ mv2 and gravitational potential energy Ep = mgh (for potential energy changes near the Earth’s surface)

6.2 Principle of Conservation of Energy

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• state the principle of the conservation of energy and apply the principle to new situations or to solve related problems
•  apply the relationships for kinetic energy and potential energy to new situations or to solve related problems

6.3 Work

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• recall and apply the relationship work done = force × distance moved in the direction of the force to new situations or to solve related problems