 # 1.1 Physical Quantities and SI Units

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• show understanding that all physical quantities consist of a numerical magnitude and a unit
• recall the following base quantities and their units: mass (kg), length (m), time (s), current (A), temperature (K), amount of substance (mol)
• use the following prefixes and their symbols to indicate decimal sub-multiples and multiples of the SI units: nano (n), micro (μ), milli (m), centi (c), deci (d), kilo (k), mega (M), giga (G)
• show an understanding of the orders of magnitude of the sizes of common objects ranging from a typical atom to the Earth
• state what is meant by scalar and vector quantities and give common examples of each

# 1.2 Measurement of Length

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe how to measure a variety of lengths with appropriate accuracy by means of tapes, rules, micrometers and calipers, using a vernier scale as necessary

# 1.3 Measurement of Time

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe how to measure a short interval of time including the period of a simple pendulum with appropriate accuracy using stopwatches or appropriate instruments

# 2.1 Basic Kinematics Quantities

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• state what is meant by speed and velocity
• calculate average speed using distance travelled / time taken
•  state what is meant by uniform acceleration and calculate the value of an acceleration using change in velocity / time taken
•  interpret given examples of non-uniform acceleration

# 2.2 Basic Kinematics Graphs

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•   plot and interpret a displacement-time graph and a velocity-time graph
• deduce from the shape of a displacement-time graph when a body is:

(i)        at rest

(ii)        moving with uniform velocity

(iii)        moving with non-uniform velocity

•  deduce from the shape of a velocity-time graph when a body is:

(i)        at rest

(ii)        moving with uniform velocity

(iii)        moving with uniform acceleration

(iv)        moving with non-uniform acceleration

• calculate the area under a velocity-time graph to determine the displacement travelled for motion with uniform velocity or uniform acceleration

# 2.3 Acceleration due to Gravity

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  state that the acceleration of free fall for a body near to the Earth is constant and is approximately10 m / s2
• describe the motion of bodies with constant weight falling with or without air resistance, including reference to terminal velocity

# 3.1 Force and its Effects

• Introduction

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  add two vectors to determine a resultant by a graphical method
•  solve problems for a static point mass under the action of 3 forces for 2-dimensional cases (a graphical method would suffice)

# 3.3 Newton’s Laws of Motion

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•   apply Newton's Laws to:

(i) describe the effect of balanced and unbalanced forces on a body

(ii) describe the ways in which a force may change the motion of a body

(iii) identify action-reaction pairs acting on two interacting bodies

(stating of Newton's Laws is not required)

•  recall and apply the relationship resultant force = mass × acceleration to new situations or to solve related problems

# 3.4 Types of Forces and Free-body Diagrams

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  explain the effects of friction on the motion of a body
•  identify forces acting on an object and draw free body diagram(s) representing the forces acting on the object (for cases involving forces acting in at most 2 dimensions)

# 4.1 Mass and Weight

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

•  state that mass is a measure of the amount of substance in a body
• state that mass of a body resists a change in the state of rest or motion of the body (inertia)
• state that a gravitational field is a region in which a mass experiences a force due to gravitational attraction
• define gravitational field strength, g, as gravitational force per unit mass

# 4.2 Relationship between Mass and Weight

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• recall and apply the relationship weight = mass × gravitational field strength to new situations or to solve related problems
• distinguish between mass and weight

# 4.3 Density

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• recall and apply the relationship density = mass / volume to new situations or to solve related problems

# 5.1 Moment of a Force

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe the moment of a force in terms of its turning effect and relate this to everyday examples
• recall and apply the relationship moment of a force (or torque) = force × perpendicular distance from the pivot to new situations or to solve related problems

# 5.2 State of Equilibrium

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• state the principle of moments for a body in equilibrium
• apply the principle of moments to new situations or to solve related problems

# 5.3 Centre of Gravity (CG)

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• show understanding that the weight of a body may be taken as acting at a single point known as its centre of gravity

# 5.4 Stability and Equilibrium

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• describe qualitatively the effect of the position of the centre of gravity on the stability of objects

# 6.1 Energy and its Different Forms

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• show understanding that kinetic energy, potential energy (chemical, gravitational, elastic), light energy, thermal energy, electrical energy and nuclear energy are examples of different forms of energy
• state that kinetic energy Ek = ½ mv2 and gravitational potential energy Ep = mgh (for potential energy changes near the Earth’s surface)

# 6.2 Principle of Conservation of Energy

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• state the principle of the conservation of energy and apply the principle to new situations or to solve related problems
•  apply the relationships for kinetic energy and potential energy to new situations or to solve related problems

# 6.3 Work

This section covers the following syllabus (Physics 5059) requirements.

• recall and apply the relationship work done = force × distance moved in the direction of the force to new situations or to solve related problems